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Cairo so you’re able to Jerusalem, Damascus, Medina, and you will Mecca: 1326

Cairo so you’re able to Jerusalem, Damascus, Medina, and you will Mecca: 1326

«Away from Gaza We visited the city off Abraham [Hebron], the latest mosque of which is actually of female, but reasonable, construction, towering and you may loft, and centered regarding squared stones. . . They say you to Solomon commanded the newest jinn to create it. «(Gibb, p. 55.)

Contained in this part, you will observe a lot throughout the Islam! Before you can read about Ibn Battuta’s travels, you will need particular history about the important prophets which he will state on. Maybe you’ve observed Adam-and-eve as well as their sons Cain and you can Abel? Are you aware regarding the Prophet Muhammad? These while others will be produced in this section.

Ibn Battuta leftover Cairo and you will on course to help you Damascus, Syria across the Regal Roadway. The new Mamluk authorities prepared caravans to carry pilgrims and you can resellers along it trail. New Mamluks tested passports, taxed the merchants, and you will strictly monitored who was simply planning and you will from their territory.

This the main Mamluk Empire had been in brutal fights that have Mongol Invaders. Of 1260 into the early 1300s, brand new Mamluk fighters been able to force brand new Mongol armies aside off Damascus and you will northern Syria, and you can leftover her or him regarding bringing Egypt and Palestine. The brand new Mongols got taken over Baghdad and far of your Abbasid Empire by 1258 trapping and damaging metropolises because they went.

The latest Mamluk armies secure new kingdom and you can remaining discover new change pathways additionally the pilgrimage paths. With each other you to definitely part of the station soldiers on the horseback pulled carpeting otherwise mats so you can simple the fresh mud per night. Another early morning this new troops searched for anyone who had remaining tracks about sand, pursued them and you will punished him or her seriously.

Damascus are for example an extra resource to your Mamluk, good area you to definitely Ibn Battuta only was required to discover! Out-of Damascus he may affect a beneficial Hajj caravan and you will complete their visit to Mecca safely. However, there have been most other holy internet sites observe on this subject part from his trip: Hebron, Jerusalem, Bethlehem, plus! And you may a blast of pilgrims found these towns according to the coverage of your Mamluk Sultan.

This will be a chart of one’s Mamluk Kingdom additionally the Mongol Khanates within year 1294. For individuals who contrast that it towards the map of Ibn Battuta’s trips, you will notice you to by the time Ibn Battuta embarked on the their travels inside 1325, the brand new Mamluks had shed region toward Mongols. Notice the fresh new shifted border in the area of modern-big date Iraq.

Hebron are a great holy webpages having Muslims, Christians, and you will Jews because it is the burial-place of the «fathers» otherwise «patriarchs» out of monotheism (religion in one single Goodness): Abraham, Isaac, and you will Jacob. Close Hebron are other holy websites, for instance the burial place out-of Lot.

They state you to definitely Muhammad himself visited this holy web site (including Bethlehem) to help you hope to your his Evening Excursion, putting some web sites more holy and worthy of pilgrimage.

Have you any gleeden giriЕџ a°dea from the Abraham?

«Regarding Gaza I travelled to the town out of Abraham [Hebron], the newest mosque at which is actually off female, but ample, build, towering and you may loft, and you will oriented away from squared stones. . . They do say you to Solomon required new jinn to build it. » [Gibb, p. 55.]

On it is the sacred cavern which has the fresh graves out-of Abraham, Isaac, and you will Jacob, reverse being around three graves, that are those of their spouses

He then arrived in Jerusalem which had been a very small-town at the time, with a populace from only about 10,one hundred thousand. «Their defensive structure was basically when you look at the ruins, part of the water supply needed to be earned. also it is actually situated on not one of the crucial exchange pathways. » [Dunn, p. 56.] But really, for its important shrines and you will sanctuaries, it had been a fundamental element of Ibn Battuta’s pilgrimage: «God ennoble [Jerusalem] – 3rd in the excellence after the two sacred Mosques [of Mecca and you will Medina] and also the place of ascension of your Apostle out of God [Muhammed] – God bless him and present your serenity – whence he was trapped into the paradise.»[Gibb, p. 77.] Right here he went to the fresh Sacred Al-Aqsa Mosque and also the Dome of your own Rock. The gold-domed Al-Aqsa Mosque was made in 691 round the on Dome of the newest Stone.

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